Treatment of varicose veins in the lower extremities

The modern treatment of vein disease is a comprehensive combination of the most effective and proven methods to remove symptoms and allow for normal venous blood flow in the legs. The current treatment program is based on the effective high tech treatment plan and follow up preventative care. After removing the outflow of venous blood, the veins usually  return to normal, the excess venous load is removed from unhealthy blood vessels which helps reduce the vicious cycle of disease progression.


The success of any method depends largely on the stage of the venous disease and the qualified assessment of the patient’s individual venous system.

The treatment method is divided into two categories: conservative treatment and surgical treatment:

  1. Conservative method:
    • Drug therapy
    • Compression therapy
  2. Surgical treatment:
    • Using a scalpel
    • No scalpel (the most effective minimally invasive methods)

Drug therapy.

Drug therapy may be administered either alone or in combination with surgery.

Oral drugs or creams and gels used to help with:

  • Improved circulation and lymphatic drainage;
  • Temporary reduction of edema;
  • Reduce feeling of heaviness in the legs and pain.

Compression therapy.

This can be a successful method of treatment with regular wear of compression hosiery.  Elastic bandages, medical stockings, socks and tights have a different texture and impact than regular hosiery. Thanks to a special three-dimensional viscous they create a reliable and flexible "armor" that supports the weakened venous system. Doctor has to determine the necessary compression.The compression hosiery is designed for a precisely computed and measured pressure compression on a weakened venous wall through the skin.

Pressure is determined by:

  • The degree of elastic recoil compression which is determined individually by the doctor.
  • Shape of legs: the pressure on the leg depends on the curvature of the skin surface.

The stocking exerts more pressure on the front surface of the tibia and achilles tendon with less pressure on the side of the leg. There is no pressure on the rear ankles.

Effect of compression therapy

  1. Hemodynamic effects (effects on venous blood flow)
    • Increase the acceleration and venous blood flow
    • Reduced volume of venous blood accumulated in the affected veins
    • Reduce reflux in the affected surface and/or deep veins
    • Reduction of pathologically elevated venous pressure
  2. Effects on tissue
    • Reduce high water content in the tissues
    • Improved removal of tissue metabolites, and other harmful substances
    • Reduce inflammation
    • Support and stimulation of reparative processes
    • Prevention of the formation of rough (keloid) scarring
    • Improve mobility in the tendons and joints

It should be noted that wearing compression stockings does not eliminate vein disease and is usually used in combination with minimally invasive procedures.

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