Main risk factors of varicose vein disease

There is variety of factors contributing to the occurrence of venous disease.

  1. Genetics. This is the most significant factor. Varicose veins can be attributed to a "family disease", which is transmitted through genetics. If any of the members of immediate family have venous diseases, then you should consult with the specialist for check up and to avoid further complications if applicable.


  1. Sex. According to statistics, disease among women is three to four times higher than in men. It has been suggested that this can be explained by a set of genes that influence susceptibility. However, most of physicians agreed that the causes of varicose veins in women include pregnancy and childbirth.
  2. Pregnancy and childbirth. Pregnancy and childbirth. The probability of varicose veins during pregnancy and after birth is 20-30% higher than in women who have not given birth. This is due to changes in the hormonal levels, which leads to a reduction in elasticity of the venous wall. Uterine enlargement leads to compression of the veins in the pelvis and may cause increased pressure in the pelvic veins.
  3. Work related to physical activity and heavy lifting. Prolonged standing or heavy lifting raises intra-abdominal pressure, which in turn leads to an increase in pressure in vein wall that may cause varicosity. The people most at risk are those involved in heavy physical labor or heavy exercise. It is important to balance your daily routine and not forget prophylaxis venous disease.
  4. Working on your feet. Prolonged periods of sitting or standing increase pressure and stress on the vein. It is important to remember to take a few minutes and change positions, possibly to stand up and move around.
  5. Being overweight. With increased body weight the load on the veins increases and leads to the risk of varicose veins. Consult a physician to create an individualized balanced diet.
  6. Hormonal agents. Hormonal medications can cause varicose veins. It is important to take hormones under medical supervision. Females who use prescription hormone drugs should consult with a doctor to help reduce the risk of venous disease.

If you fall into one of these risk factor categories, do not be alarmed. However it is important to maintain careful monitoring of the health and check appearance of your veins.

Prevention and early detection of varicose veins can help efficiently fix the problem but ignoring symptoms will only require a difficult and complicated road of treatment. Do not try engaging in self-diagnosis or self-treatment. Always consult a physician. Only an experienced and qualified doctor can recognize the symptoms, identify the cause and suggest a necessary treatment path.

Take a quiz to find out if you are at risk of varicose veins!

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